Wednesday, September 26, 2012

ADHD In Depth

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD is related to Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Childhood Hyperkinesis.  These disorders are all grouped together like they are all the same, but they are not.  ADD is similar but it doesn't involve hyperactivity.  ADHD is a problem with inattentiveness, over-activity (hyperactivity), impulsivity, or a combination.  In a child, diagnosis must include their activity must be out of normal range for a their age and development.  Despite popular belief, adults can have this disorder as well.  ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed behavioral disorder of childhood.  This disorder affects 3 to 5% of school aged children.  It is more common in boys than in girls.  This disorder can be hereditary, but it's not clear exactly what causes it.  It seems to be set in motion early in life, when the brain is still developing.  Brain scans of children with this disorder are different than those of children without it.  ADHD has to be carefully diagnosed by a physician, due to the fact that symptoms associated with ADHD could also be the result of medical problems, these symptoms include: depression, lack of sleep, learning disabilities, tic disorders, and behavioral problems.  Most children with ADHD at have at least one other behavioral or developmental disorder.  They may also have a psychiatric problem, such as depression or bipolar disorder.  Symptoms fall into three groups.

Three Symptom Groups:

  • Lack of Attention.
  • Hyperactivity.
  • Impulsive Behavior (Impulsivity).
Children with ADHD normally have the inattentive type.  Those with this type are less disruptive and are less likely to be diagnosed with ADHD, they will most likely be diagnosed with ADD, which is the same as ADHD, just without the hyperactivity.  Tests are very different in each case to diagnose this disorder, and the treatment includes medication and behavior therapy, but treatment has to be personalized to each individual patient. As I stated above, adults can also have this disorder, it's not as common, but it does occur.  Stay Informed!

1 comment:

  1. Christine,
    Awesome post. You did a great job. My son has ADHD. It was rough for him in school. He learned how to deal with it. He didn't want to take medication. Thanks for writing about this. You're awesome! ☺xxxooooxxx
    Patricia T. Macias ♥