Tuesday, September 18, 2012

Crohn's Disease In Depth

Crohn's disease is also known as inflammatory bowel disease, regional enteritis, ileitis, granulomat0us ileocoloitis, and IBD.  Although the scoop all these up into a nice package, they vary many different ways.  Crohn's is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).  It usually affects the intestines, but it can occur anywhere from the mouth to the rectum (anus).  The exact cause of Crohn's is unknown, but it is known that it is an autoimmune disorder (an autoimmune disorder is when a body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy body tissue).  People with Crohn's have an ongoing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract).  The inflammation cause the intestinal wall the become thick.  The following may play a role in Crohn's: your genes, environmental factors, or the body overreacts to the normal bacteria in the intestines.  It can occur at any age, but normally occurs between the ages of 15 to 35.  You are more likely to get the disease if you: have a family history of Crohn's disease, you are jewish, or if you smoke.  Symtoms include: crampy, abdominal belly pain, fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, pain with passing stool, persistent watery diarrhea, weight-loss, constipation, eye-inflammation, you have fistulas (usually around the rectal area, may cause draining, pus, mucus, or stools), mouth ulcers, rectal bleeding and bloody stools, and/or swollen gums.  Tests to diagnose include: physical exam (which may reveal an abdominal mass or tenderness, skin rash, swollen joints, or mouth ulcers), barium enema or upper GI series, colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy, CT scan of the abdomen, endoscopy, MRI of the abdomen, and/or enteroscopy.  A stool culture may be taken to rule out other possible causes of the symptoms.  For the physicians and/ or medical professionals, be warned! This disease can alter the following test results: Albumin, C-reactive protein, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Hemoglobin, Liver function tests, and White blood cell count (WBC).  If you have any of the above symptoms, please seek medical attention!  This is a very serious disease to not be taken lightly!  There is also diet information at the following link with more medical information.  Stay Informed!  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001295/

No comments:

Post a Comment